Getting Familiar With The WordPress User Interface (Part 1 of 2)

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In the previous post, we looked at setting up our blog on WordPress.com or SiteGround.

Now that WordPress has been set up, we can start going through the user interface of WordPress.

Once you have logged in you will see your dashboard which gives you an overview of what is happening on your WordPress blog.

From your dashboard you will be able to access the following features:

Let’s get started.

Posts

To view all your posts, hover over Posts and click on All Posts.

Creating a post

Before we start creating a post, I would like to explain what a post is.

A post is an article, it is not a page.

The difference between a post and a page is the attributes between each of these.

For example, a post can have a category and excerpt where a page doesn’t.

To further explain, you can have a blog page that lists all your posts.

In order to create a post, you will need to hover over the Posts heading in the sidebar and click Add New.

Adding a new WordPress post
Adding a new WordPress post

Or if you are viewing all your posts, you can click on the Add New button.

Add new WordPress post
Add new WordPress post

Before we go into the details of creating a post, you will need to make sure you are seeing all the options we are going to be discussing.

In the navbar on right, just below your username you will see a Screen Options button, click on it.

This will give you all the available options for the page you are on.

WordPress screen options
WordPress screen options

Make sure you have the following options enabled.

WordPress screen option details
WordPress screen option details

Click on the Screen Options button again to hide it.

Title

You start by can give your post a title under the Add New Post heading.

WordPress new post title
WordPress new post title

Editor

Just below the title, you will see an editor which you can use to create the content for your post.

WordPress WYSIWYG editor
WordPress WYSIWYG editor

The editor is your standard What You See Is What You Get (WYSIWYG) editor.

After the WYSIWYG editor, you will the Excerpt section for your post.

Here you can write a summary of what your post is about, almost like a preview of what to expect or learn from your post.

WordPress post excerpt
WordPress post excerpt

Format

You can also choose the format of your post such as Standard, Aside, Image, Video, etc.

WordPress post excerpt
WordPress post excerpt

These formats can change the layout of your post according to what theme you are using.

We will go into more detail about WordPress themes in a later post.

Categories

Next, you can choose a category for your post, if this is your first post there will be no categories available except for the default Uncategorized category.

WordPress default category
WordPress default category

To add a category, click on + Add New Category.

You will need to give your category a name and choose whether it is a sub-category of any of the existing categories.

Because there is only the default category available, you can leave the option on — Parent Category —

WordPress add new category
WordPress add new category

A post can have one or several categories depending on the content.

Tags

Second last thing to do is give your post tags.

You can think of these as search terms people would use to find your post.

These tags will be available for all posts just as the categories mentioned earlier.

You can use comma’s to separate multiple tags.

WordPress adding post tags
WordPress adding post tags

WordPress adding post tags
WordPress adding post tags

Featured Image

Lastly, you can set a Featured Image for your post.

Once again this image might be used by your theme.

For example, your theme might have a page template that lists all your posts which will include the Featured Image, Excerpt and a read more button.

To set your Featured Image, click on Set featured image.

WordPress post featured image
WordPress post featured image

This will bring up the Media Library where you can upload an image and then select it in your Media Library.

WordPress media library
WordPress media library

WordPress post featured image
WordPress post featured image

Draft, Preview & Publish

Once you have filled in all the details for your post, you can either save it as a draft, preview or publish it.

Just to the right of your title, you will see the Publish section that has all these options available.

WordPress publish options
WordPress publish options

If you’re not ready to publish your post, you can save it as a draft by clicking Save Draft.

You can also preview your post by clicking the Preview button.

If you want your post published immediately, you can click the Publish button but you can also schedule your post to be published at a later date.

To schedule a post click Edit next to the Publish immediately label.

After you have chosen a future date and time, the Publish button will change to Schedule.

WordPress schedule post publish
WordPress schedule post publish

When you click the Schedule button, the post will be published on the day and time you selected.

Schedule WordPress post
Schedule WordPress post

And that’s how you can create and publish posts on your blog.

Using the Media Library

When creating posts or pages, you will most likely be adding media to them such as images or video.

In order to do so, you will need to upload them to your Media Library and insert them from there.

The Media Library is there to upload media but also add titles, captions, alternative text and description to your images or videos.

With that being said, the Media Library is not only restricted to images or video, you can upload anything you want.

For example, if you want your readers to be able to download something, you can upload it to your Media Library and link to.

You can access your Media Library by using the sidebar.

Access WordPress media library
Access WordPress media library

Or when creating a post or page by clicking on the Add Media button.

You will now be able to select any media that is in your Media Library or upload new media.

WordPress media library
WordPress media library

To upload media, click on the Add New button.

Once you have uploaded an item, you can edit the title, caption, alt text and description by clicking on it.

WordPress media library attachment details
WordPress media library attachment details

You can also delete any item you have uploaded by clicking Delete Permanently in the detail view.

If you want to delete multiple items, you can click on the Bulk Select button in your Media Library.

You will now be able to select the items you want to delete.

WordPress media library bulk select
WordPress media library bulk select

Pages

To view all the pages on your blog, hover over Pages and click on All Pages.

Creating a page

Creating pages is very similar to posts with a few differences.

When creating a page you can’t:

Instead there are a few other options available when creating a page.

If you are still in the All Pages view click on the Add New button.

WordPress add new page
WordPress add new page

Or you can hover over Pages and click on Add New in the sidebar.

Page Attributes

Just below the Publish section, you will see a Page Attributes section.

WordPress page attributes
WordPress page attributes

Here you can choose whether this page has a parent, in other words, does it belong to a group of pages or is it on its own.

Next, you can also choose a template for this page, these options will be related to the theme you have installed.

With most themes, you will have at least the Default and Front Page template options.

If you are not sure which template to use, select the Default option.

The Order option is used when choosing a Parent page.

As the name suggests, you can change the order of children pages if you need to.

Featured Image, Draft, Preview & Publish

The Featured Image and Publish options are the same as with a post.

Private Posts & Pages

If you want to create posts or pages that are not available to everyone you can set them as Private or Password Protected.

In the Publish section, click on the Visibility option.

WordPress visibility options
WordPress visibility options

You can now change the post or page to be Private or Password Protected.

What is the difference between Private and Password Protected?

With a Private page or post, the person will need to have an account on your blog and log in to see it.

If you don’t want a user to have an account on your blog you can choose the Password Protected option.

With this option the person will need to type a password you created to see the page or post.

Comments

One of the best features of WordPress is its comments functionality.

By default, Comments are enabled on WordPress.

To see the comments that have been posted, click on Comments.

In this view, you will be able to approve, reject and reply to any comments made on your blog.

WordPress comments
WordPress comments

And that’s it for this post, in the next post will go through the rest of the WordPress interface.

Summary

In this post we looked at the following sections of the WordPress user interface:

In the next post we will be looking at:

If you want to stay up to date with the Become A WordPress Pro series, please make sure you subscribe.

Thank you for reading and please let me know if you have any questions in the comment section below.

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